Summa Contra Gentiles: Book Three: Providence: Part II

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We are a group of scholars in the UK with interests in medieval philosophy. Theologians created compendiums of the great books, and boiled down the work of Thomas, Augustine, and others into coursework that could be taken in one or two semesters at the seminary. Xenophanes put in their place a single, motionless god who 'shakes all things by the thought of his mind'. (The Concise Encyclopedia of Western Philosophy and Philosophers, 1991) We must here simply combine their ideas of One Cosmogonical substance Space (aer, aether) and the shaking of all things is the perpetual motion of waves in an infinite Space.
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Boethius: The Consolations of Music, Logic, Theology, and

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According to Thomas Aquinas, what is the ultimate source of existence? i) Godis the ultimate source of existence or esse. (a) Whateverbelongs to a thing is caused by the principles of its nature or is from anexternal principle. (b) Esse cannot be caused by the quiddity ofa thing. (c) Therefore,in everything which has a distinct quiddity and esse, the esse must comefrom another. (d) This cannotgo on into infinity. Contribution à l’étude de la tradition arabo-latine de la psychologie d’Aristote (Études de Philosophie Médiévale 94).
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Henrici de Gandavo Tractatus super facto praelatorum et

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Bellver, José, “Mirroring the Islamic Tradition of the Names of God in Christianity: Ramon Lull’s Cent Noms de Déus as a Christian Qur’ân,” Intellectual History of the Islamicate World, 2.1-2 (2014): 287-304. Janssens, Jules, “The Reception of Avicenna’s Physics in the Latin Middle Ages,” in O ye Gentlemen, pp. 55-64. Ed., with Timothy Noone, Companion to Philosophy in the Middle Ages. The philosopher (philosophos) is one who desires to know, who wants not to be ignorant (who "wants not to not-know").
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The life and the doctrines of Philippus Theophrastus,

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The religious teachings of the Gospels were combined by the Fathers of the Church with many of the philosophical concepts of the Greek and Roman schools. However, in the High Scholastic period of the 14th Century, it moved beyond theology, and had applications in many other fields of study including Epistemology, Philosophy of Science, philosophy of nature, psychology and even economic theory. During a thunderstorm, however, a lightening bolt terrified him into shouting out to the patron saint of miners, �Help, St.
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The Cambridge History of Medieval Political Thought

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Pisa: Plus, Pisa University Press, 2008, xvi-270 pp., ISBN 978-88-8492-547-3. [al-Fârâbî, Kitâb al-Mûsîqî al-kabîr] Neubauer, Eckhard, “Addenda et corrigenda to our facsimile editions of the writings on music by Abû Nasr al-Fârâbî, etc…,” Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Arabisch-islamischen Wissenschaften, 17 (2006-07): 373-76 [the facsimile was published in Frankfort, 1998, Publications of the Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science, Series C, Facsimile ed. 61].
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On the Ecclesiastical Hierarchy: The Thirteenth-Century

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Since, on the presumption of karma, the nature of one's deeds determines one's future state, the universe includes laws of moral payback. Augustine believed that God exists outside of time in the "eternal present," that time only exists within the created universe because only in space is time discernible through motion and change. Empedocles identified the elements that make up the world which he termed the roots of all things as Fire, Air. Maimonides shows this person that his perplexities can be resolved by correct interpretation.
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Bonaventure (Great Medieval Thinkers)

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According to Augustine, our human psyches are designed in such a way that the highest intensity of desire should be our ultimate love for God. To the question, "What is this one?" he answered "Fire," but by fire he appears to have meant something more like "energy" than fire per se, for he talks of fire's frequent transformation through many different forms. They will discuss grand theories of everything, such as metaphysical materialism, idealism, and metaphysical dualism They will also discuss the differences between existence and essence and between substance, properties, accidents, and bundles.
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An Anthology of Philosophy in Persia, Volume 3:

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But something like true virtue, namely love of honour, may lead to something like justice and peace, as it did in the Roman Republic (City of God, V .12). In 1117 he began tutoring Héloïse, the niece of a French cleric. From this source came the AEons, and I known not what infinite forms, and the trinity of man in the system of Valentinus, who was of Plato's school. Principal surviving philosophical work is his Sentences commentary, in multiple redactions. This might seem to us a contradiction, yet I suspect he simply viewed it as making full use of all his faculties, just as Carl Jung and Fritz Perls recommended in the Twentieth Century.
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Later Medieval Philosophy: (1150-1350) An Introduction

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Rejected without honor by medieval thinkers -- anyone who believed the soul perished with the body was called Epicurean. b. Killing off this segment of the population would permanently cripple a country and would not be justified on military grounds. For that matter, even many important and influential late medieval philosophers who did belong to religious orders are still virtually unknown or at least woefully understudied today, despite the labors of generations of scholars.
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The Birth of Theory

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It assumes the periodization employed by the nineteenth‑century scholars who unearthed many of the works of medieval Jewish philosophy, as well as their historical sense, intellectual worldview and religious perspective. There are various forms of government, of which some are good and some are perversions. Ockham, although likewise constantly conscious of the contrast between ordinary speech and the technical forms of speech used by his predecessors, nevertheless placed propriety of expression on the side of ordinary speech, and not on the technical side, except in those instances where the novel locutions of his forerunners could be explained away or disarmed as mere stylistic ornament.
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