On Proclus and His Influence in Medieval Philosophy

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He answers that if one authority originates totally from the other (as, he says, the authority of a bishop derives from the Pope), greater obedience in all matters is due to the originating authority. When the divergence became apparent, philosophy had to yield to revelation, since there is only one truth. Epistemology means "theory of knowledge." The gist of Spade's influential argument was that connotative simple terms cannot exist in mental language for if they did, they would be synonymous with their fully expanded nominal definitions.
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The Ethical Theory of John Duns Scotus

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Still, the number 900 sounds somewhat exaggerated. Finally, philosophers have stepped back to consider the relationship between scientific knowing and aesthetic comprehension (e.g., Kant, Bas van Fraassen); much of the discussion of this latter will focus on the relation between images and what they represent. The discussion of demons (commonly perceived by postmodern scholars as `medieval' entities) in the Renaissance not only pushes us to make flexible the rigid boundaries of period distinctions but also forces us to concede that poets occasionally followed the advice of those who would instruct them on how to compose perfect examples of the different literary genres they chose to tackle.
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The Longman Standard History of Medieval Philosophy

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In his Studies in Contemporary Jewish Thought, Rotenstreich tries to throw light on these questions by examining the approaches of several modern Jewish thinkers, including such major Orthodox figures as Abraham Isaac Kook, Joseph Dov Soloveitchik, and Yeshayahu Leibowitz. So too with ultimate wisdom, and ultimate goodness. For example, Aristotle maintains that humans have positive intellectual and social tendencies. (3) For most ancient thinkers, it is possible to be happy in this life.
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Ruysbroeck

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New York: HarperCollins, © Victor Daniels, 1997. The Roman philosopher Lucretius based his work on them in 'On the Nature of Things'. So profound has the influence of Plato been on human thought that the 20th-century philosopher Alfred North Whitehead said that all philosophy is "but a footnote to Plato." He originated a new Brahman-centered evolutionary world view sensitive both to science and mysticism. Klugheit empfiehlt daher zweitens, sich nur auf sichere und anerkannte Schriften zu verlassen, denen ein Maß an Richtigkeit unterstellt werden kann.
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Medieval Philosophy (Routledge History of Philosophy, Vol.

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They all insisted that philosophy must be scientific. We are working on adding it in the future. The entire contents of Medieval Philosophy and Theology are available here on an open-access basis. The primary characteristic of human conduct is not so much freedom as voluntariness. 4. Philosophy is divided into many sub-fields. These include epistemology, logic, metaphysics, ethics, and aesthetics. Cite your sources consistent with APA guidelines. While Augustine was the dominant philosopher of the early middle ages, two others were influential on some specific philosophical issues, namely, Pseudo-Dionysius and Boethius.
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Dante And Catholic Philosophy In The Thirteenth Century

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In addition to reviewing the material covered in the previous class, it should include announcements made in class and questions not addressed in class. Leaman, Oliver, “Mulla Sadra, Substantial Motion and the Scope of Mysticism,” in Mulla Sadra, pp. 50-62. A more radical cosmology was proposed by Bruno, who was an extremely prolific writer. In fact it was "his Hebrew roots [that] give him profound insight into the obligation and responsibility of the Other, for those who are most vulnerable.
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A History Of The Inquisition Of The Middle Ages VOL 1

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But it might be mentioned at this stage that al-Kindi’s theological interests did act as a safeguard against the total submersion of religious belief in the current of abstract philosophical thought, and the total subordination of the supernatural light of faith to the light of reason -a devastating temptation which Islamic philosophy could not ultimately resist. This edition, updated throughout, contains a substantial new chapter on medieval psychology and philosophy of mind, with texts from authors not previously represented such as John Buridan and Peter John Olivi.
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Studien Und Texte Zur Geistesgeschichte Des Mittelalters,

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Erasmus was opposed to any action that would disrupt the unity and peace of Christendom -- this is the primary reason why he remained removed from the Protestant Reformation. 1. Thomas was inspired by the Avicennian methodology. while there was similarity in their methods. i. initiated him to introduce a new form of theology less rationalistic and more responsive to the needs of the piety. which is the most imperfect of all. but most of his studies were conducted elsewhere: Giugian (near the Caspian Sea) and Nishapur.
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City of God (Penguin Classics)

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Second, we might think of time as merely subjective, existing only as a product of our minds. A finite ratio between the revolutions of the sun and the other spheres can be given as follows: 1/30, 1/12, 1/36,000 respectively, which would contradict the assumption that these revolutions are infinite and occur in an infinite time. [70] Moreover, these revolutions are either odd or even, and must consequently be finite. Upon Cicero's return to Rome in 47 BCE, Caesar pardoned him without reservation, hoping to bring Rome's great orator into his camp.
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The History of European Philosophy; an Introductory Book

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Written in rhymed prose, the literary debate on the merits and demerits of women portrayed the woman as either totally beautiful or utterly ugly; perfectly virtuous, or vicious and hateful; loyal and nurturing wife or a licentious seductress, a facilitator of the pursuit of wisdom or an obstacle to it (Talyah Fishman, "A Medieval Parody of Misogyny: Judah ibn Shabetai's Minhat Yehuda Sone ha-Nashim," in: Prooftexts 8 (1988), 89–111). Available at the website of the Holy See, with excerpt and and link on Rorate Coeli.
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